Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 6

Chacun veut la même chose, tous
sont égaux: qui a d'autres sentiments va de son plein gré dans la
maison des fous.

"Autrefois tout le monde était fou," - disent ceux qui sont les plus
fins, et ils clignent de l'oeil.

On est prudent et l'on sait tout ce qui est arrivé: c'est ainsi que
l'on peut railler sans fin. On se dispute encore, mais on se
réconcilie bientôt - car on ne veut pas se gâter l'estomac.

On a son petit plaisir pour le jour et son petit plaisir pour la nuit:
mais on respecte la santé.

"Nous avons inventé le bonheur," - disent les derniers hommes, et ils
clignent de l'oeil. -

Ici finit le premier discours de Zarathoustra, celui que l'on appelle
aussi "le prologue": car en cet endroit il fut interrompu par les cris
et la joie de la foule. "Donne-nous ce dernier homme, ô Zarathoustra,
- s'écriaient-ils - rends-nous semblables à ces derniers hommes! Nous
te tiendrons quitte du Surhumain!" Et tout le peuple jubilait et
claquait de la langue. Zarathoustra cependant devint triste et dit à
son coeur:

"Ils ne me comprennent pas: je ne suis pas la bouche qu'il faut à ces

Trop longtemps sans doute j'ai vécu dans les montagnes, j'ai trop
écouté les ruisseaux et les arbres: je leur parle maintenant comme à
des chevriers.

Placide est mon âme et lumineuse comme la montagne au matin. Mais ils
me tiennent pour un coeur froid et pour un bouffon aux railleries

Et les voilà qui me regardent et qui rient: et tandis qu'ils rient ils
me haïssent encore. Il y a de la glace dans leur rire."


Mais alors il advint quelque chose qui fit taire toutes les bouches et
qui fixa tous les regards. Car pendant ce temps le danseur de corde
s'était mis à l'ouvrage: il était sorti par une petite poterne et
marchait sur la corde tendue entre deux tours, au-dessus de la place
publique et de la foule. Comme il se trouvait juste à mi-chemin, la
petite porte s'ouvrit encore une fois et un gars bariolé qui avait
l'air d'un bouffon sauta dehors et suivit d'un pas rapide le premier.
"En avant, boiteux, cria son horrible voix, en avant paresseux,
sournois, visage blême! Que je ne te chatouille pas de mon talon! Que
fais-tu là entre ces tours? C'est dans la tour que tu devrais être
enfermé; tu barres la route à un meilleur que toi!" - Et à chaque mot
il s'approchait davantage; mais quand il ne fut plus qu'à un pas du

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Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions; Homer and Classical Philology Complete Works, Volume Three

Page 0
Of course, Nietzsche was too little of a wild reformer to be adverse to a schooling of this nature.
Page 18
How useless we were! And how proud we were of being useless! We used even to quarrel with each other as to which of us should have the glory of being the more useless.
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The expansion and the diminution of education here join hands.
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"Not a suspicion of this possible relationship between our classics and classical education seems to have pierced the antique walls.
Page 42
But we may surely be unanimous in recognising that by the very nature of things only an exceedingly small number of people are destined for a true course of education, and that a much smaller number of higher educational.
Page 47
That, however, may be tolerated, for every being must perish by some means or other; but who is there to guarantee that during all these attempts the statue itself will not break in pieces! The philologists are being crushed by the Greeks--perhaps we can put up with this--but antiquity itself threatens to be crushed by these philologists! Think that over, you easy-going young man; and turn back, lest you too should not be an iconoclast!'" "Indeed," said the philosopher, laughing, "there are many philologists who have turned back as you so much desire, and I notice a great contrast with my own youthful experience.
Page 51
" "But," said the philosopher's companion, "what purposes can the State have in view with such a strange aim? For that it has some State objects in view is seen in the manner in which the conditions of Prussian schools are admired by, meditated upon, and occasionally imitated by other States.
Page 52
"There must therefore be peculiar circumstances surrounding both this purpose towards which the State is tending, and which always promotes what is here called 'education'; and surrounding likewise the culture thus promoted, which subordinates itself to this purpose of the State.
Page 53
(_Delivered on the 5th of March 1872.
Page 54
"Remain in your present position," the philosopher seemed to say to his companion, "for you may cherish hopes.
Page 56
They are institutions which teach one how to take part in the battle of life; whether they promise to turn out civil servants, or merchants, or officers, or wholesale dealers, or farmers, or physicians, or men with a technical training.
Page 59
cliff, so it now seemed to us that we had hastened to meet the great danger rather than run away from it.
Page 61
Then a calmer moment arrives; a piercing wind of reality brings me back to earth--and then I see the wide gulf between us, over which you yourself, as in a dream, draw me back again.
Page 62
burdened foundation up to the highest of the free and unencumbered peaks there must be countless intermediate degrees, and that here we must apply the saying _natura non facit saltus_.
Page 68
As soon as you speak of it, I feel that Platonic wing rising within me; and it is only at intervals, when I act as the charioteer of my soul, that I have any difficulty with the resisting and unwilling horse that Plato has also described to us, the 'crooked, lumbering animal, put together anyhow, with a short, thick neck; flat-faced, and of a dark colour, with grey eyes and blood-red complexion; the mate of insolence and pride, shag-eared and deaf, hardly yielding to whip or spur.
Page 71
I don't quite understand you, my friend: it must mean something when we arrange to meet after a long separation at such an out-of-the-way place and at such an unusual hour.
Page 82
to be little else than Schiller's robbers: their talk sounded so wild to the anxious listener that Rome and Sparta seemed mere nunneries compared with these new spirits.
Page 87
From the circles upon whose help we must place the most implicit reliance--the artistic friends of antiquity, the warm supporters of Hellenic beauty and noble simplicity--we hear harsh voices crying out that it is precisely the philologists themselves who are the real opponents and destroyers of the ideals of antiquity.
Page 96
This imaginary contest with Hesiod did not even yet show the faintest presentiment of individuality.
Page 99
Let us hear how a learned man of the first rank writes about Homer even so late as 1783: "Where does the good man live? Why did he remain so long incognito? Apropos, can't you get me a silhouette of him?" We demand _thanks_--not in our own name, for we are but atoms--but in the name of philology itself, which is indeed neither a Muse nor a Grace, but a messenger of the gods: and just as the Muses.