Mais si vous l'avez offensé, eh
bien! tuez-le aussi!
Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra.
DE L'ENFANT ET DU MARIAGE
J'ai une question pour toi seul, mon frère. Je jette cette question
comme une sonde dans ton âme, afin de connaître sa profondeur.
Tu es jeune et tu désires femme et enfant. Mais je te demande: es-tu
un homme qui ait _le droit_ de désirer un enfant?
Es-tu le victorieux, vainqueur de lui-même, souverain des sens, maître
de ses vertus? C'est ce que je te demande.
Ou bien ton voeu est-il le cri de la bête et de l'indigence? Ou la
peur de la solitude? Ou la discorde avec toi-même?
Je veux que ta victoire et ta liberté aspirent à se perpétuer par
l'enfant. Tu dois construire des monuments vivants à ta victoire et à
Tu dois construire plus haut que toi-même. Mais il faut d'abord que tu
sois construit toi-même, carré de la tête à la base.
Tu ne dois pas seulement propager ta race plus loin, mais aussi plus
haut. Que le jardin du mariage te serve à cela.
Tu dois créer un corps d'essence supérieure, un premier mouvement, une
roue qui roule sur elle-même, - tu dois créer un créateur.
Mariage: c'est ainsi que j'appelle la volonté à deux de créer l'unique
qui est plus que ceux qui l'ont créé. Respect mutuel, c'est là le
mariage, respect de ceux qui veulent d'une telle volonté.
Que ceci soit le sens et la vérité de ton mariage. Mais ce que les
inutiles appellent mariage, la foule des superflus! - comment
Hélas! cette pauvreté de l'âme à deux! Hélas! cette impureté de l'âme
à deux! Hélas, ce misérable contentement à deux!
Mariage, c'est ainsi qu'ils appellent tout cela; et ils disent que
leurs unions ont été scellées dans le ciel.
Eh bien, je n'en veux pas de ce ciel des superflus! Non, je n'en veux
pas de ces bêtes empêtrées dans le filet céleste!
Loin de moi aussi le Dieu qui vient en boitant pour bénir ce qu'il n'a
Ne riez pas de pareils mariages! Quel est l'enfant qui n'aurait pas
raison de pleurer sur ses parents?
Cet homme me semblait respectable et mûr pour saisir le sens de la
terre: mais lorsque je vis sa femme, la terre me sembla une demeure
pour les insensés.
Oui, je voudrais que la terre fût secouée de convulsions quand je vois
un saint s'accoupler à une oie.
Tel partit comme un héros en quête de vérités, et il ne captura qu'un
petit mensonge paré. Il
The third and most important stipulation is, that he should in no case be constantly bringing himself and his own "culture" forward, after the style of most modern men, as the correct standard and measure of all things.Page 6
because it has the strongest and mightiest of all allies in nature herself; and in this respect it were well did we not forget that scores of the very first principles of our modern educational methods are thoroughly artificial, and that the most fatal weaknesses of the present day are to be ascribed to this artificiality.Page 12
" To this rough, though admittedly just, flood of eloquence, we replied with some irritation, interrupting each other continually in so doing: "In.Page 15
We shall therefore endeavour to leave you with no disagreeable recollections of our meeting--even though we have done much to perturb and.Page 29
Owing to the very fact that in this department it is almost always the most gifted pupils who display the greatest eagerness, it ought to have been made clear how dangerously stimulating, precisely here, the task of the teacher must be.Page 30
"Now let us try to picture the teacher's usual attitude towards these first highly influential examples of original composition.Page 34
compelled to learn walking after having walked almost all his life as a dilettante or empiricist.Page 36
Who will conduct you to the land of culture, if your leaders are blind and assume the position of seers notwithstanding? Which of you will ever attain to a true feeling for the sacred seriousness of art, if you are systematically spoiled, and taught to stutter independently instead of being taught to speak; to aestheticise on your own account, when you ought to be taught to approach works of art almost piously; to philosophise without assistance, while you ought to be compelled to _listen_ to great thinkers.Page 47
And such a usefully employed philologist would now fain be a teacher! He now undertakes to teach the youth of the public schools something about the ancient writers, although he himself has read them without any particular impression, much less with insight! What a dilemma! Antiquity has said nothing to him, consequently he has nothing to say about antiquity.Page 49
they go when antiquity peremptorily orders them to withdraw? Must they not be sacrificed to those powers of the present who, day after day, call out to them from the never-ending columns of the press 'We are culture! We are education! We are at the zenith! We are the apexes of the pyramids! We are the aims of universal history!'--when they hear the seductive promises, when the shameful signs of non-culture, the plebeian publicity of the so-called 'interests of culture' are extolled for their benefit in magazines and newspapers as an entirely new and the best possible, full-grown form of culture! Whither shall the poor fellows fly when they feel the presentiment that these promises are not true--where but to the most obtuse, sterile scientificality, that here the shriek of culture may no longer be audible to them? Pursued in this way, must they not end, like the ostrich, by burying their heads in the sand? Is it not a real happiness for them, buried as they are among dialects, etymologies, and conjectures, to lead a life like that of the ants, even though they are miles removed from true culture, if only they can close their ears tightly and be deaf to the voice of the 'elegant' culture of the time.Page 54
he never succeeds in freeing himself from his own hankering and restless personality: that illuminated, ethereal sphere where one may contemplate without the obstruction of one's own personality continually recedes from him--and thus, let him learn, travel, and collect as he may, he must always live an exiled life at a remote distance from a higher life and from true culture.Page 56
"You must not think, however, that I wish to withhold all praise from our primary and secondary schools: I honour the seminaries where boys learn arithmetic and master modern languages, and study geography and the marvellous discoveries made in natural science.Page 61
" Our minds, as we thus argued with the philosopher, were unanimous, and, mutually encouraging and stimulating one another, we slowly walked with him backwards and forwards along the unencumbered space which had earlier in the day served us as a shooting range.Page 66
' "An educational establishment for the other and smaller company, however, would be something vastly different.Page 68
I am willing to exchange my own animal for yours.Page 72
This preparation, however, should tend to make us independent enough for the extraordinarily free position of a university student; for it seems to me that a student, to a greater extent than any other individual, has more to decide and settle for himself.Page 77
from the standpoint of culture is answered.Page 81
Crowned with this laurel he thought of something still nobler.Page 82
And as leaders must have followers so also must the followers have a leader--here a certain reciprocal predisposition prevails in the hierarchy of spirits: yea, a kind of pre-established harmony.