Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 35

d'entre vous est donc capable d'amitié?

Malédiction sur votre pauvreté et votre avarice de l'âme, ô hommes! Ce
que vous donnez à vos amis, je veux le donner même à mes ennemis, sans
en devenir plus pauvre.

Il y a de la camaraderie: qu'il y ait de l'amitié!


Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra.





MILLE ET UN BUTS


Zarathoustra a vu beaucoup de contrées et beaucoup de peuples: c'est
ainsi qu'il a découvert le bien et le mal de beaucoup de peuples.
Zarathoustra n'a pas découvert de plus grande puissance sur la terre,
que le bien et le mal.

Aucun peuple ne pourrait vivre sans évaluer les valeurs; mais s'il veut
se conserver, il ne doit pas évaluer comme évalue son voisin.

Beaucoup de choses qu'un peuple appelait bonnes, pour un autre peuple
étaient honteuses et méprisables: voilà ce que j'ai découvert. Ici
beaucoup de choses étaient appelées mauvaises et là-bas elles étaient
revêtues du manteau de pourpre des honneurs.

Jamais un voisin n'a compris l'autre voisin: son âme s'est toujours
étonnée de la folie et de la méchancetée de son voisin.

Une table des biens est suspendue au-dessus de chaque peuple. Or,
c'est la table de ce qu'il a surmonté, c'est la voix de sa volonté de
puissance.

Est honorable ce qui lui semble difficile; ce qui est indispensable et
difficile, s'appelle bien. Et ce qui délivre de la plus profonde
détresse, cette chose rare et difficile, - est sanctifiée par lui.

Ce qui le fait régner, vaincre et briller, ce qui excite l'horreur et
l'envie de son voisin: c'est ce qui occupe pour lui la plus haute et la
première place, c'est ce qui est la mesure et le sens de toutes choses.

En vérité, mon frère, lorsque tu auras pris conscience des besoins et
des terres d'un peuple, lorsque tu connaîtras son ciel et son voisin:
tu devineras aussi la loi qui régit ses victoires sur lui-même, et tu
sauras pourquoi c'est sur tel degré qu'il monte à ses espérances.

"Il faut que tu sois toujours le premier et que tu dépasses les autres:
ton âme jalouse ne doit aimer personne, si ce n'est l'ami" - ceci fit
tremble l'âme d'un Grec et lui fit gravir le sentier de la grandeur.

"Dire la vérité et savoir bien manier l'arc et les flèches" - ceci
semblait cher, et difficile en même temps, au peuple d'où vient mon nom
- ce nom qui est en même temps cher et difficile.

"Honorer père et mère, leur être soumis jusqu'aux racines de l'âme":
cette table des victoires sur soi-même, un autre peuple la suspendit
au-dessus de lui et il

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Text Comparison with The Joyful Wisdom Complete Works, Volume Ten

Page 0
PETRE _I stay to mine own house confined,_ _Nor graft my wits on alien stock_ _And mock at every master mind_ _That never at itself could mock.
Page 1
.
Page 16
--Perhaps then laughter will have united with wisdom, perhaps then there will be only "joyful wisdom.
Page 22
Have the different divisions of the day, the consequences of a regular appointment of the times for labour, feast, and repose, ever been made the object of investigation? Do we know the moral effects of the alimentary substances? Is there a philosophy of nutrition? (The ever-recurring outcry for and against vegetarianism proves that as yet there is no such philosophy!) Have the experiences with regard to communal living, for example, in monasteries, been collected? Has the dialectic of marriage and friendship been set forth? The customs of the learned, of trades-people, of artists, and of mechanics--have they already found their thinkers? There is so much to think of thereon! All that up till now has been considered as the "conditions of existence," of human beings, and all reason, passion and superstition in this consideration--have they been investigated to the end? The observation alone of the different degrees of development which the human impulses have attained, and could yet.
Page 26
_The Theory of the Sense of Power.
Page 31
called _good,_ not in respect to the results they have for himself, but in respect to the results which we expect therefrom for ourselves and for society:--we have all along had very little unselfishness, very little "non-egoism" in our praise of the virtues! For otherwise it could not but have been seen that the virtues (such as diligence, obedience, chastity, piety, justice) are mostly _injurious_ to their possessors, as impulses which rule in them too vehemently and ardently, and do not want to be kept in co-ordination with the other impulses by the reason.
Page 47
With this violence done to himself, however, with this mockery of his impulse to revenge, even still so powerful he merely yields to the new impulse, the disgust which has become powerful, and does this just as impatiently and licentiously, as a short time previously he _forestalled,_ and as it were exhausted, the joy of revenge with his fantasy.
Page 54
_Capacity for Revenge--_That a person cannot and consequently will not defend himself, does not yet cast disgrace upon him in our eyes; but we despise the person who has neither the ability nor the good-will for revenge--whether it be a man or a woman.
Page 65
He who has enough of tragedy and comedy in himself surely prefers to remain away from the theatre; or as an exception, the whole procedure--theatre and public and poet included--becomes for him a truly tragic and comic play, so that the performed piece counts for little in comparison.
Page 76
The Germans, with their reverence for everything that came from the _court,_ intentionally took the chancery style as their pattern in all that they had to _write,_ especially in their letters, records, wills, &c.
Page 92
_Against Christianity.
Page 102
_--What is it that distinguishes the good-natured, whose countenances beam kindness, from other people? They feel quite at ease in presence of a new person, and are quickly enamoured of him; they therefore wish him well; their first opinion is: "He pleases me.
Page 113
and spoilers, ye knowing ones, as long as ye cannot be rulers and possessors! The time will soon pass when you can be satisfied to live like timorous deer concealed in the forests.
Page 117
He, however, who is accustomed to it, does not like to live anywhere but in this clear, transparent, powerful, and highly electrified atmosphere, this _manly_ atmosphere.
Page 119
_A Fixed Reputation.
Page 142
But perhaps this is the greatest charm of life: it puts a gold-embroidered veil of lovely potentialities over itself, promising, resisting, modest, mocking, sympathetic, seductive.
Page 144
" In the main, however, one may say that the event itself is far too great, too remote, too much beyond most people's power of apprehension, for one to suppose that so much as the report of it could have _reached_ them; not to speak of many who already knew _what_ had taken place, and what must all collapse now that this belief had been undermined,--because so much was built upon it, so much rested on it, and had become one with it: for example, our entire European morality.
Page 179
It may on the one hand proceed from gratitude and love:--art of this origin will always be an art of apotheosis, perhaps dithyrambic, as with Rubens, mocking divinely, as with Hafiz, or clear and kind-hearted as with Goethe, and spreading a Homeric brightness and glory over everything (in this case I speak of _Apollonian_ art).
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