Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 25

l'appelleraient bon, ce ne serait que pour le mettre de
côté.

L'homme noble veut créer quelque chose de neuf et une nouvelle vertu.
L'homme bon désire les choses vieilles et que les choses vieilles
soient conservées.

Mais le danger de l'homme noble n'est pas qu'il devienne bon, mais
insolent, railleur et destructeur.

Hélas! j'ai connu des hommes nobles qui perdirent leur plus haut
espoir. Et dès lors ils calomnièrent tous les hauts espoirs.

Dès lors ils vécurent, effrontés, en de courts désirs, et à peine se
sont-ils tracé un but d'un jour à l'autre.

"L'esprit aussi est une volupté" - ainsi disaient-ils. Alors leur
esprit s'est brisé les ailes: maintenant il ne fait plus que ramper et
il souille tout ce qu'il dévore.

Jadis ils songeaient à devenir des héros: maintenant ils ne sont plus
que des jouisseurs. L'image du héros leur cause de l'affliction et de
l'effroi.

Mais par mon amour et par mon espoir, je t'en conjure: ne jette pas
loin de toi le héros qui est dans ton âme! Sanctifie ton plus haut
espoir! -


Ainsi parlait Zarathoustra.





DES PRÉDICATEURS DE LA MORT


Il y a des prédicateurs de la mort et le monde est plein de ceux à qui
il faut prêcher de se détourner de la vie.

La terre est pleine de superflus, la vie est gâtée par ceux qui sont de
trop. Qu'on les attire hors de cette vie, par l'appât de la "vie
éternelle"!

"Jaunes": c'est ainsi que l'on désigne les prédicateurs de la mort, ou
bien on les appelle "noirs". Mais je veux vous les montrer sous
d'autres couleurs encore.

Ce sont les plus terribles, ceux qui portent en eux la bête sauvage et
qui n'ont pas de choix, si ce n'est entre les convoitises et les
mortifications. Et leurs convoitises sont encore des mortifications.

Ils ne sont pas encore devenus des hommes, ces êtres terribles: qu'ils
prêchent donc l'aversion de la vie et qu'ils s'en aillent!

Voici les phtisiques de l'âme: à peine sont-ils nés qu'ils commencent
déjà à mourir, et ils aspirent aux doctrines de la fatigue et du
renoncement.

Ils aimeraient à être morts et nous devons sanctifier leur volonté!
Gardons-nous de ressusciter ces morts et d'endommager ces cercueils
vivants.

S'ils rencontrent un malade ou bien un vieillard, ou bien encore un
cadavre, ils disent de suite "la vie est réfutée"!

Mais eux seuls sont réfutés, ainsi que leur regard qui ne voit qu'un
seul aspect de l'existence.

Enveloppés d'épaisse mélancolie, et avides des petits hasards qui
apportent la mort: ainsi ils attendent en serrant les dents.

Ou bien encore, ils tendent la main vers des sucreries et se

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