Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 238

des trois premières parties de _Zarathoustra_: il
entend par là les jours où les idées, longuement mûries, s'assemblaient
en un tout, où, durant les fortes marches de la journée, dans l'état
d'une inspiration incomparable et dans une violente tension de
l'esprit, l'oeuvre se cristallisait dans son ensemble, pour être
ensuite rédigée le soir sous cette forme de premier jet. Avant ces dix
jours, il y a chaque fois un temps de préparation, plus ou moins long,
immédiatement après, la mise au point du manuscrit définitif; ce
dernier travail s'accomplissait aussi avec une véhémence et
s'accompagnait d'une "expansion du sentiment" presque insupportable.
Cette "oeuvre de dix jours" tombe pour la première partie sur la fin du
mois de janvier 1883: au commencement de février la première conception
est entièrement rédigée, et au milieu du mois le manuscrit est prêt à
être donné à l'impression. La conclusion de la première partie (_De la
vertu qui donne_) "fut terminée exactement pendant l'heure sainte où
Richard Wagner mourut à Venise" (13 février).

Au cours d'un "printemps mélancolique" à Rome, dans une _loggia_ qui
domine la Piazza Barbarini, "d'où l'on aperçoit tout Rome et d'où l'on
entend mugir au-dessous de soi la Fontanas", le _Chant de la Nuit_ de
la deuxième partie fut composé au mois de mai. La _seconde partie_
elle-même fut écrite, de nouveau en dix jours, à Sils Maria, entre le
17 juin et le 6 juillet 1883: la première rédaction fut terminée avant
le 6 juillet et le manuscrit définitif avant le milieu du même mois.

"L'hiver suivant, sous le ciel alcyonien de Nice, qui, pour la première
fois, rayonna alors dans ma vie, j'ai trouvé le _troisième
Zarathoustra_. Cette partie décisive qui porte le titre: "_Des
vieilles et des nouvelles Tables_, fut composée pendant une montée des
plus pénibles de la gare au merveilleux village maure Eza, bâti au
milieu des rochers -". Cette fois encore "l'oeuvre de dix jours" fut
terminée fin janvier, la mise au net au milieu du mois de février.

La _quatrième partie_ fut commencée à Menton, en novembre 1884, et
achevée, après une longue interruption, de fin janvier à mi-février
1885: le 12 février le manuscrit fut envoyé à l'impression. Cette
partie s'appelle d'ailleurs injustement "quatrième et _dernière_
partie": "son titre véritable (écrit Nietzsche à Georges Brandès), par
rapport à ce qui précède à ce qui _suit_, devrait être: _La tentation
de Zarathoustra_, un intermède". Nietzsche a en effet laissé des
ébauches de nouvelles parties d'après lesquelles l'oeuvre entière ne
devait se clore que par la mort de Zarathoustra. Ces plans et d'autres
fragments seront publiés

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Text Comparison with The Will to Power, Book III and IV An Attempted Transvaluation of all Values

Page 17
In regard to the _memory,_ we must unlearn a great deal: here we meet with the greatest temptation to assume the existence of a "soul," which, irrespective of time, reproduces and recognises again and again, etc.
Page 21
By not understanding this, and by making logic into a criterion of _real being,_ we are already on the road to the classification of all those hypostases, substance, attribute, object, subject, action, etc.
Page 33
We have no sign of the "sense of the efficient cause"; in this respect Hume is quite right, habit (but not only that of the individual) allows us to expect that a certain process, frequently observed, will follow upon another, but nothing more! That which gives us such an extraordinarily firm faith in causality, is not the rough habit of observing the sequence of processes, but our _inability_ to _interpret_ a phenomenon otherwise than as the result of _design.
Page 70
But in my opinion the _feeling of being surcharged,_ the feeling accompanying an _increase in strength,_ quite apart from the utility of the struggle, is the actual _progress_: from these feelings the will to war is first derived.
Page 73
predilection in man to regard all his thoughts as "inspired," all his values as "imparted to him by a God," all his instincts as dawning activities--this is proved by the evidence of every age in man's history.
Page 86
Page 96
_ materialism) according to which such a final state is necessary, is refuted by this fundamental fact.
Page 126
Germany, though very rich in clever and well-informed scholars, has for some time been so excessively poor in great souls and in mighty minds, that it almost seems to have forgotten what a great soul or a mighty mind is; and to-day mediocre and even ill-constituted men place themselves in the market square without the suggestion of a conscience-prick or a sign of embarrassment, and declare themselves great men, reformers, etc.
Page 130
It is the optics of things in the foreground which only consider immediate consequences, from which the value beauty (also goodness and truth) arises.
Page 137
And for the following two reasons: they lack all shyness towards themselves (they watch themselves live, they spy upon themselves, they are much too inquisitive), and they also lack shyness in the presence of passion (as artists they exploit it).
Page 153
To be blind to many things, to see many things falsely, to fancy many things: Oh, how clever man has been in those circumstances in which he believed he was anything but clever! Love, enthusiasm, "God"--are but subtle forms of ultimate Self-deception; they are but seductions to life and to the belief in life! In those moments when man was deceived, when he had befooled himself and when he believed in life: Oh, how his spirit swelled within him! Oh, what ecstasies he had! What power he felt! And what artistic triumphs in the feeling of power! .
Page 155
The annihilation of the humbug which is called morality (Christianity as a hysterical kind of honesty in this regard: Augustine, Bunyan.
Page 156
_The notion, "strong and weak man"_ resolves itself into this, that in the first place much strength is inherited--the man is a total sum; in the other, _not yet enough_ (inadequate inheritance, subdivision of the inherited qualities).
Page 159
"_Permanence,_" in itself, can have no value: that which ought to be preferred thereto would be a shorter life for the species, but a life _richer_ in creations.
Page 177
Page 187
Science aims at establishing the _slavery of nature.
Page 196
In most cases,, however, there comes to such men of destiny that hour of delivery, that autumnal season of maturity, in which they are forced to do that which they did not even "wish to do": and that deed before which in the past they have trembled most, falls easily and unsought from the tree, as an involuntary deed, almost as a present.
Page 210
_ Thanks to their superficiality in ethics, the Greeks misunderstood it.
Page 214
There must be some people who sanctify functions, not only eating and drinking, and not only in memory of them, or in harmony with them; but this world must be for ever glorified anew, and in a novel fashion.
Page 217
_ Dionysus is a _judge!_ Am I understood? There can be no doubt that the Greeks sought to interpret, by means of their Dionysian experiences, the final mysteries of the "destiny of the soul" and everything they knew concerning the education and the purification of man, and above all concerning the absolute hierarchy and inequality of value between man and man.