Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 144

_afin de_
se réserver pour un ennemi plus digne!

Vous ne devez avoir que des ennemis dignes de haine, mais point
d'ennemis dignes de mépris: il faut que vous soyez fiers de votre
ennemi: c'est ce que j'ai enseigné une fois déjà.

Il faut vous réserver pour un ennemi plus digne, ô mes amis: c'est
pourquoi il y en a beaucoup devant lesquels il faut passer, - surtout
devant la canaille nombreuse qui vous fait du tapage à l'oreille en
vous parlant du peuple et des nations.

Gardez vos yeux de leur "pour" et de leur "contre"! Il y a là beaucoup
de justice et d'injustice: celui qui est spectateur se fâche.

Etre spectateur et frapper dans la masse - c'est l'oeuvre d'un instant:
c'est pourquoi allez-vous-en dans les forêts et laissez reposer votre

Suivez _vos_ chemins! Et laissez les peuples et les nations suivre les
leurs! - des chemins obscurs, en vérité, où nul espoir ne scintille

Que l'épicier règne, là où tout ce qui brille - n'est plus qu'or
d'épicier! Ce n'est plus le temps des rois: ce qui aujourd'hui
s'appelle peuple ne mérite pas de roi.

Regardez donc comme ces nations imitent maintenant elles-mêmes les
épiciers: elles ramassent les plus petits avantages dans toutes les

Elles s'épient, elles s'imitent, - c'est ce qu'elles appellent "bon
voisinage". O bienheureux temps, temps lointain où un peuple se
disait: c'est sur d'autres peuples que je veux être - _maître_!"

Car, ô mes frères, ce qu'il y a de meilleur doit régner, ce qu'il y a
de meilleur _veut_ aussi régner! Et où il y a une autre doctrine, ce
qu'il a de meilleur - _fait défaut_.


Si _ceux-ci_ - avaient le pain gratuit, malheur à eux! Après quoi
crieraient-_ils_? De quoi s'entretiendraient-ils si ce n'était de leur
entretien? et il faut qu'ils aient la vie dure!

Ce sont des bêtes de proie: dans leur "travail" - il y a aussi du rapt;
dans leur gain - il y a aussi de la ruse! C'est pourquoi il faut
qu'ils aient la vie dure!

Il faut donc qu'ils deviennent de meilleures bêtes de proie, plus fines
et plus rusées, des bêtes plus _semblables à l'homme_: car l'homme est
la meilleure bête de proie.

L'homme a déjà pris leurs vertus à toutes les bêtes, c'est pourquoi, de
tous les animaux, l'homme a eu la vie la plus dure.

Seuls les oiseaux sont encore au-dessus de lui. Et si l'homme
apprenait aussi à voler, malheur à lui! _à quelle hauteur_ - sa
rapacité volerait-elle!


C'est ainsi que je veux l'homme et la femme: l'un

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Text Comparison with Homer and Classical Philology

Page 0
From the standpoint of the pedagogue, a choice was offered of those elements which were of the greatest educational value; and thus that science, or at least that scientific aim, which we call philology, gradually developed out of the practical calling originated by the exigencies of that science itself.
Page 1
But, on the other hand, there is a boundless and infuriated hatred of philology wherever an ideal, as such, is feared, where the modern man falls down to worship himself, and where Hellenism is looked upon as a superseded and hence very insignificant point of view.
Page 2
The reason of this want of piety and reverence must lie deeper; and many are in doubt as to whether philologists are lacking in artistic capacity and impressions, so that they are unable to do justice to the ideal, or whether the spirit of negation has become a destructive and iconoclastic principle of theirs.
Page 3
The entire scientific and artistic movement of this peculiar centaur is bent, though with cyclopic slowness, upon bridging over the gulf between the ideal antiquity--which is perhaps only the magnificent blossoming of the Teutonic longing for the south--and the real antiquity; and thus classical philology pursues only the final end of its own being, which is the fusing together of primarily hostile impulses that have only forcibly been brought together.
Page 4
Even the experiment I have just referred to has its own attractive history; but it goes back to a surprisingly ancient era.
Page 5
poem and its tradition was prepared, according to which these discrepancies were not due to Homer, but to those who committed his words to writing and those who sang them.
Page 6
And then we meet with the weighty question: What lies before this period? Has Homer's personality, because it cannot be grasped, gradually faded away into an empty name? Or had all the Homeric poems been gathered together in a body, the nation naively representing itself by the figure of Homer? _Was the person created out of a conception, or the conception out of a person?_ This is the real "Homeric question," the central problem of the personality.
Page 7
to have become active; the happiest people, in the happiest period of its existence, in the highest activity of fantasy and formative power, was said to have created those immeasurable poems.
Page 8
For this discovery prepared the way for a coming scientific view of history, which was until then, and in many respects is even now, a mere collection of materials, with the prospect that new materials would continue to be added, and that the huge, overflowing pile would never be systematically arranged.
Page 9
The difference between them is not in the way they originate, but it is their diffusion and propagation, in short, _tradition_.
Page 10
All those deviations, everything dull and below the ordinary standard which scholars think they perceive in the Homeric poems, were attributed to tradition, which thus became the scapegoat.
Page 11
With this process of aesthetic separation, the conception of Homer gradually became narrower: the old material meaning of the name "Homer" as the father of the heroic epic poem, was changed into the aesthetic meaning of Homer, the father of poetry in general, and likewise its original prototype.
Page 12
Those, therefore, who look for the "original and perfect design" are looking for a mere phantom; for the dangerous path of oral tradition had reached its end just as the systematic arrangement appeared on the scene; the disfigurements which were caused on the way could not have affected the design, for this did not form part of the material handed down from generation to generation.
Page 13
But I have also, I imagine, recalled two facts to those friends of antiquity who take such delight in accusing us philologists of lack of piety for great conceptions and an unproductive zeal for destruction.
Page 14
Let us hear how a learned man of the first rank writes about Homer even so late as 1783: "Where does the good man live? Why did he remain so long incognito? Apropos, can't you get me a silhouette of him?" We demand _thanks_--not in our own name, for we are but atoms--but in the name of philology itself, which is indeed neither a Muse nor a Grace, but a messenger of the gods: and just as the Muses descended upon the dull and tormented Boeotian peasants, so Philology comes into a world full of gloomy colours and pictures, full of the deepest, most incurable woes; and speaks to men comfortingly of the beautiful and godlike figure of a distant, rosy, and happy fairyland.
Page 15