Ainsi Parlait Zarathoustra

By Friedrich Nietzsche

Page 112

apprendre quel avait été le
sort de _l'homme_ pendant son absence: s'il était devenu plus grand ou
plus petit. Et un jour il aperçut une rangée de maisons nouvelles;
alors il s'étonna et il dit:

Que signifient ces maisons? En vérité, nulle grande âme ne les a
bâties en symbole d'elle-même!

Un enfant stupide les aurait-il tirées de sa boîte à jouets? Alors
qu'un autre enfant les remette dans la boîte!

Et ces chambres et ces mansardes: des _hommes_ peuvent-ils en sortir et
y entrer? Elles me semblent faites pour des poupées empanachées de
soie, ou pour des petits chats gourmands qui aiment à se laisser manger.

Et Zarathoustra s'arrêta et réfléchit. Enfin il dit avec tristesse:
_Tout_ est devenu plus petit!

Je vois partout des portes plus basses: celui qui est de _mon_ espèce
peut encore y passer, mais - il faut qu'il se courbe!

Oh! quand retournerai-je dans ma patrie où je ne serai plus forcé de me
courber - de me courber devant les _petits_!" - Et Zarathoustra
soupira et regarda dans le lointain.

Le même jour cependant il prononça son discours sur la vertu qui
rapetisse.


2.


Je passe au milieu de ce peuple et je tiens mes yeux ouverts: les
hommes ne me pardonnent pas de ne pas être envieux de leurs vertus.

Ils aboient après moi parce que je leur dis: à des petites gens il faut
de petites vertus - et parce que je n'arrive pas à comprendre que
l'existence des petites gens soit _nécessaire!_

Je ressemble au coq dans une basse-cour étrangère que les poules mêmes
poursuivent à coups de bec; mais je n'en veux pas à ces poules à cause
de cela.

Je suis poli envers elles comme envers tous les petits désagréments;
être épineux envers les petits me semble une sagesse digne des
hérissons.

Ils parlent tous de moi quand ils sont assis le soir autour du foyer, -
ils parlent de moi, mais personne ne pense - à moi!

C'est là le nouveau silence que j'ai appris à connaître: le bruit
qu'ils font autour de moi dépolie un manteau sur mes pensées.

Ils potinent entre eux: "Que nous veut ce sombre nuage? Veillons à ce
qu'il ne nous amène pas une épidémie!"

Et dernièrement une femme tira contre elle son enfant qui voulait
s'approcher de moi: "Éloignez les enfants! cria-t-elle; de tels yeux
brûlent les âmes des enfants."

Ils toussent quand je parle: ils croient que la toux est une objection
contre les grands vents, - ils ne devinent rien du bruissement de mon
bonheur!

"Nous n'avons pas encore le temps pour Zarathoustra," - voilà
objection; mais

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Text Comparison with On the Future of our Educational Institutions

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For, indeed, the ancient State emphatically did not share the utilitarian point of view of recognising as culture only what was directly useful to the State itself, and was far from wishing to destroy those impulses which did not seem to be immediately applicable.
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I now see more clearly than ever the necessity for an institution which will enable us to live and mix freely with the few men of true culture, so that we may have them as our leaders and guiding stars.
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From the tone of resignation in which you have just referred to students many would be inclined to think that you had some peculiar experiences which were not at all to your liking; but personally I rather believe that you saw and experienced in such places just what every one else saw and experienced in them, but that you judged what you saw and felt more justly and severely than any one else.
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So it has come about that _philosophy itself_ is banished from the universities: wherewith our first question as to the value of our universities.
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And thus his helplessness and the want of a leader towards culture drive him from one form of life into another: but doubt, elevation, worry, hope, despair--everything flings him hither and thither as a proof that all the stars above him by which he could have guided his ship have set.
Page 80
In all the annals of our universities we cannot find any trace of a second attempt, and he who would impressively demonstrate what is now necessary for us will never find a better example.
Page 81
"Think of the _fate_ of the Burschenschaft when I ask you, Did.